12 DAYS / 11 NIGHTS Tour
DAY 1: Arrival in Damascus
- Meeting at the airport according to the schedule of your convocation.
- Flight to Damascus. Welcome by your local guide. Assistance in obtaining the entry visa. Transfer to the hotel.
- Dinner and overnight at the hotel
DAY 2: Damascus
Breakfast at the hotel . Guided tour of Damascus. Lunch during the visit .
The National Museum: Its visit provides an overview of the civilizations that have succeeded in Syrian soil. It contains statues, seals, jewelry, masks, mosaics, tablets and weavings from the most important sites in the country.
The Umayyad Mosque: Located in the heart of the Medina, the mosque is distinguished by its prayer room, its courtyard and its walls covered with mosaics.
El-Azem Palace: Not far from the Great Mosque, in the labyrinth of the souk is the palace El-Azem. It is considered as the sumptuous model of the Damascene house whose exterior simplicity and sobriety do not suggest anything about a beautiful and rich interior, with many varieties of flowers, fruit trees and water jets.
Saint Ananian Church: It is of particular importance because it is attached to the memory of Saint Paul. Before his conversion to Christianity he had a vision here that blinded him for several days and gave him an unshakeable faith.
Souk Al-Hamidiye : The most beautiful souk of Damascus. Its shops display all sorts of goods, especially clothes, fabrics, pastries and handicrafts.
Dinner in a restaurant and overnight at the hotel.
DAY 3: Damascus – Anjar – Baalbek – Beirut
- Breakfast at the hotel . Departure towards Anjar.
- Anjar : Umayyad city dating from the eighth century, it was built under the order of Caliph Walid I. It was located on the caravan route and was therefore an important shopping center. It owes its name to the source Ayn al-Jar that once fed a lake on which Noah’s Ark had landed.
- Lunch during the visit. Continue to Baalbeek.
- Baalbek : Baalbek is an emblematic site of Lebanon. The first traces of human occupation on this site date back to the 3rd millennium BC. AD incorporated into the empire of Alexander the Great, the city was called Heliopolis in tribute to the Sun God. The city was then included in the Roman Empire. Fabulous buildings were built there. Thus, the temple of Jupiter would have outgrown everything that was built in the Empire, including Rome!
- to Beirut. Dinner and overnight at the hotel.
DAY 4: Beirut – Beit Eddine – Sidon – Tire – Beirut
- Breakfast at the hotel . Departure towards Beit Eddine and visit of the Palace. Continue to Sidon.
- Sidon (or Saïda): Port city of the Lebanese coast, already mentioned in many documents since the fourteenth century, it was for a long time a very active shopping center. Dominated by a citadel and open to a port, the third in Lebanon, it continues, as in the past, to be surrounded by vegetable gardens, banana and lemon trees. And while its old quarters still retain their medieval charm, its main streets are lined with modern shops where all kinds of goods and pastries accumulate.
- Continue to Tire. Lunch along the way .
- Tyr : Originally built on an island, Tyr, the Phoenician, was the queen of the seas. Her wealth was derived from her colonies scattered on the shores of the Mediterranean, but especially from the purple industry. Thus it was the focus of the great conquerors of antiquity, including the Babylonian Nebuchadnezzar and the Macedonian Alexander the Great.
- to Beirut. Dinner and overnight at the hotel.
DAY 5: Beirut – Byblos – Tripoli – Crac des Chevaliers
- Breakfast at the hotel . Departure to Byblos.
- Byblos : It is located 40 km north of Beirut and is one of the oldest cities in the world since there are about 9000 years of human presence on the same site.
- Continue to Tripoli. Lunch during the visit.
- Tripoli : It is the second largest city in Lebanon after Beirut. Its name comes from the confederation of three Phoenician cities (Tire, Sidon and Arwad in Syria) that were established there in the fourth century BC It is for this reason that the Greeks called it Tripolis.
- Cross the border and continue to the Crac des Chevaliers, the most famous fortress of the Middle Ages.
- Dinner and overnight at the hotel.
DAY 6: Krak of the Knights – Apamea – Aleppo
- Breakfast at the hotel . Visit the Crac des Chevaliers.
- Crac des Chevaliers : Famous Fortress of the Middle Ages. It is the symbol of an era of bloody struggles between Muslims and Crusaders. The crusaders made it the basic element of their system of strongholds on the coast.
- Lunch along the way . Continue to Apamea.
- Apamea : The city of Apamea was founded around 300 BC by Seleucos I and named in honor of his wife Apama. It became a flourishing city and great figures of history stayed there: Cleopatra, Mark Antony, Septimius Severus and Emperor Caracalla. The city is distinguished by its long ramparts and its main artery lined with twisted columns, as well as its Roman theater, one of the largest known ancient theaters, whose scene is more than 145 meters.
- Continue to Aleppo, dinner and overnight at the hotel .
DAY 7: Aleppo
- Breakfast at the hotel . Visit of the second city of Syria. Lunch during the visit. A flourishing metropolis since the 3rd millennium BC, Aleppo has been fighting with Damascus for the title of the world’s oldest continuously inhabited city. The old city has undoubtedly the most beautiful souks of the Middle East.
- The citadel: stands in the middle of the city and dominates it from the height of its fifty meters. It has admirably designed towers and stands out with its perfectly finished entrances and iron gates.
- Caravanserais: They were intended for the accommodation of traders on the move and their goods. They are famous for their decorated facades, high arched entrances and huge wooden doors that closed at nightfall …
- The souks: The old souks covered with Aleppo are distinguished by their coffered vaults and their enormous cupolas. Most date back to the 15th and 16th centuries. These are real living museums that offer us a true image of what were the commercial districts and the animation that reigned in the Middle Ages. Each souk specializes in selling a type of product. In the charming souks you can also find authentic Bedouin handicrafts, as well as rugs, fabrics and many varieties of delicacies to enjoy, such as the famous Aleppo pistachios, honey-based pastries, almonds and fruits. dry that will make happy the most greedy. You will do the best shopping in the Orient …
- Dinner and overnight at the hotel.
DAY 8: Aleppo – Saint Simeon – Palmyra
- Breakfast at the hotel . Departure towards Saint Simeon.
- Saint Simeon : City dedicated to the hermit at the column. The cathedral built in his memory is considered one of the most beautiful in the East.
- Lunch along the way.
- Continue to Palmyra. Dinner and overnight at the hotel .
DAY 9: Palmyra – Damascus
Breakfast at the hotel . Visit of Palmyra. Lunch during the visit.
Palmyra : The one that the Romans baptized Palmyra (the city of palms) and that the Syrians call Tadmor (miracle in Aramaic) is the most important oasis of the Syrian desert. Located 240 km from Damascus, Palmyra is the city of all superlatives. It arises in the midst of golden sands that extend to infinity. An oasis of columns, remains and palm trees that testifies to the splendor of this city that made, one day, tremble Rome …
The temple of Bel : It was for the Palmyrenes what Zeus was for the Greeks. Its temple is the largest and most majestic building in Palmyra, a unique example of fusion between Greco-Roman and oriental-inspired architecture.
The theater and the big colonnade : It crosses the city on more than one kilometer by which the caravans arriving from the desert passed.
Tombs : including tombs towers, tombs dug, tombs temples or individual tombs.
The combined work of Unesco and many archaeological missions have made it possible to bring out the ruins of the sands and present them to visitors in an excellent state of preservation. The visitor has the privilege of walking there according to his moods and his desires, at any time of day and night. Dawn is probably the most magical moment but few are brave who venture to leave the hotel early for a morning walk in the ruins.
Continue to Damascus. Dinner and overnight in Damascus.
DAY 10: Damascus – Bosra – Jerash – Amman
- Breakfast at the hotel. Departure towards Bosra.
- Bosra : It is a very ancient city already mentioned in the inscriptions of Akhenaton in the 14th century BC. The most important of its monuments is the famous Roman theater which dates back to the 2nd century AD. It has a diameter of 90 meters and a depth of eight meters. Its stands can accommodate 17000 spectators.
- Continue to Jerash. Lunch along the way.
- Jerash : The second largest tourist site in the country after Petra, Jerash became a very important city from the Roman conquest (64-63 BC) to become one of the largest cities of the Decapolis towards end of the 1st century AD The city reaches a considerable level of wealth, the remains of the impressive public works and monuments still visible today are the most eloquent testimony.
- Continue to Amman. Dinner and overnight at the hotel.
DAY 11: Amman – Madaba – Mount Nebo – Dead Sea
- Breakfast at the hotel . Departure by the “Route des Rois” towards Madaba .
- In the Greek Orthodox Church of St. George of Madaba you can admire the mosaic map of Palestine.
- You will then join Mount Nebo . Lunch along the way.
- It is the most revered site in Jordan since Moses was buried there after contemplating the Promised Land. In the sanctuary of the death of Moses and in the church of Saint Lot and Saint Procope, are mosaics in perfect state of conservation.
- Last step of the day, the Dead Sea .
- Dead Sea: Many times cited in the Old Testament, it has a deep spiritual and historical heritage because it is believed that it was on its shores that were built the important cities of Sodom, Gomorrah and Zebouin.
- The peculiarity that will not fail to surprise you is that it is almost impossible to sink in its waters four times as salty as ordinary seawater …
- Dinner and overnight at the Dead Sea.
DAY 12: Dead Sea – Kerak – Petra
- Breakfast at the hotel . Departure towards Kerak.
- Kerak : Perched on a hill that dominates the whole area, it has grown inside its walls. Its ramparts allowed it to preserve itself throughout the Ottoman period, protecting itself from the Bedouin raids.
- Continue to Petra. Lunch along the way.
- then overnight at the hotel.
DAY 13: Petra
Breakfast at the hotel . Site visit. Lunch during the visit .
Petra : Petra was the capital of the Nabataeans, a Semitic people from Arabia. They settled in this place from the sixth century BC. The site, consisting of about 600 monuments carved in the rock, extends over an area of about 6 km by 3 km. Petra is one of the magical places as there are few in the world. This “chaos of rocks” (meaning of Petra in Greek) shaped by the wind, the sand and the water is at the origin of a mixture of extraordinary colors.
The “Treasure” (Al-Kanaz, in Arabic ): This is a gigantic royal tomb that measures 30m wide and 43m high. It is dug out of the rock and has fueled the imagination of many artists and novelists. It was built by the Nabataeans in the 1st century BC It is inevitably the culmination of a visit to Petra.
Siq : It is a narrow canyon, with a width of 3 to 11 meters, and deep in places up to 100 meters. It was dug by the grains of sand carried by the wind and which eroded the very friable rock.
The Royal Tombs : The Tomb at the Urn, which takes its name from the small urn located at the top of the pediment of the colonnades. The Tomb of the Silk, which owes its name to the veins of the rock and the soft colors of the sandstone. The Tomb of Sextus Florentinus, erected in honor of the Roman governor of the province of Arabia in the year 130.
El Deir : The biggest monument of Petra. It is reached by a staircase of 800 steps carved into the rock. The Lions Tomb, so called because of two lion sculptures that guard the entrance.
The Theater : It was dug in the time of Christ by the Nabataeans and then enlarged by the Romans.
Dinner and overnight at the hotel.
DAY 14: Petra – Wadi Rum – Amman
- Breakfast at the hotel . Departure towards Wadi Rum . Wadi Rum is associated with the memory of TE Lawrence, who settled there with the Arab Revolt troops in 1917. Lawrence of Arabia left marvelous descriptions of this “open-air cathedral” in his book The Seven Pillars of Wisdom .
- Back to Amman.
- Dinner and overnight at the hotel.
DAY 15: Departure from Amman
- Transfer to the airport according to the time of your convocation, flight on regular flight.